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Conjunctions

Conjunctions - Voegwoorde

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Conjunctions - Voegwoorde

Voegwoorde in Afrikaans

 

Voegwoorde are conjunctions in Afrikaans. They help you to join two sentences together to form 1. This can be useful in sentences that need to flow in everyday conversation. 

 

To learn voegwoorde you must learn the three groups that form the structure for this section. Below are the three groups explained. 

 

Group 1 is the easiest group in this section here all you have to do is place the conjunction in and leave everything else the same. Here are the conjunctions that are in group 1...

 

Maar

En

Of

Want                    - You can remember this by MEOW DOG

Dog

Of...Of

Sowel...as

Nog...Nog

 

The blue groups are the simple conjunctions that you put in the middle of two sentences. 

Eg. Josh hou van rooi maar Susan hou van blou.

The bottom three are different, for these you must do this...

In a test they will give you the question like this- 

Coke is nie gesond nie. Fanta is nie gesond nie. (nog...nog)

To do the question you first identify the part of the sentence that is the same in both.

Coke is nie gesond nie. Fanta is nie gesond nie. 

Now what you must do is remove that part of the sentence. Once you have done that you put the first "nog" in front of your first word and the second "nog" before the second word.

Nog Coke nog Fanta

To finish you put the part of the sentence that was similar at the end.

Nog Coke nog Fanta is nie gesond nie.

 

Group 2 is the group where the verb in second sentence moves to right after the conjunction. Here are the conjunctions that use the rules for group 2...

Dus

Daarom 

Daarhelwe

 

Anders

Daarna

Dan

Intussen 

Nietemin

Gevolglik

 

Al

Nou

Nogtans

Tog

Toe

 - I usually remember this by process of elimination. If it is not a group one word then it is a group 3 or 2 word. If it doesn't have a "dat" in it then it isn't a group 3 word (there are exceptions). However if you want to learn it as an acronym then it would be 3D ADDING ANNTT.

To use a group 2 conjunction you must do the following...

 

In a test the question will look like this - 

Soggens staan ek vroeg op. Ek boorsel my tande baie goed. (daarna)

 

What you do now is put the conjunction between the sentenced then you have to identify your first verb in your second sentence. 

Soggens staan ek vroeg op daarna ek borsel my tande baie goed.

 

Once you have the verb identified move it to the conjunction.

Soggens staan ek vroeg op daarna borsel ek my tande baie goed.

 

Group 3 is a relatively simple group. All you have to do is move the verb to the end of the second sentence. The list of conjunctions that fall under group 3 are as follows…

 

  • dat
  • omdat
  • totdat
  • voordat
  • nadat
  • sodat
  • wat
  • wie
  • terwyl
  • alhoewel
  • toe
  • sodra
  • sedert
  • aangesien
  • as
  • of
  • mits
  • tensy
  • indien

The most common conjunctions in group 3 contain “dat” in them, making it easier for you to remember…

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Past and Future Tense with a Conjunction

Past Tense and Future Tense with a Conjunction

Text Breakdown

- To change a sentence from present tense to past or future tense with a conjunction you first identify the conjunction in the sentence.

Eg. Die baba huil omdat hy honger is.

- Once you have identified it you now change the parts of the sentence on either side of the conjunction normally, but you must exclude the conjunction.

Eg. Die baba het gehuil omdat hy honger was. (Past Tense)

or 

Eg. Die baba sal huil omdat hy honger is. (Future Tense)

In future tense the second part of the sentence doesn't change.


Here are the time words


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