Mind Map

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  • Activity 1 Geography
    • Differences in Development between regions
      • Development stats of a country can be misleading 
        • They give the average of the country 
        • Not the differences
      • Some parts may be more develops than others
    • Environmental
      • Resources
        • Food
          • Must make sure they have enough so they don't starve
        • Services
          • Medical is needed 
          • Eduction " "
        • Space
          • Too close of a area and diseases will spread quickly 
      • Environmental Indicators
        • Shows the impact on human activity on the environment and natural resources
        • Environment provides the resources
        • Examples
          • High GDP can be at the cost of the environment 
    • Factors affecting development 
      • Reasons for Differences in Development 
        • Historical reasons
          • South Africa's history changed the country and people's lives
            • One small change 
          • Colonization of was one big change that affected many countries
            • Main aim was to control the natural resources 
            • Countries were often used for cheap resources and cheap labour. 
        • Trade
        • Technology and industrialization
        • Health and welfare 
        • Education
        • Political stability 
    • Social
      • Education 
        • Helps to reduce poverty
        • It spread the knowledge about the world 
        • It promotes democracy, peace and stability 
          • It promotes a diplomatic society 
        • It can increase people's wealth 
        • Education informs people about health issues 
        • It leads to well-trained workers 
      • If any of the factors above are not complete or accessible the person or people will suffer in growth
      • All of these are mainly linked to life expectancy.
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      • These are stated by constitution to be.... 
        • Adequate housing 
        • Healthcare
        • Sufficient food and water
        • Basic education
        • Sanitation
        • Employment 
      • Population
        • Birth Rate 
          • Number of people born per 1000 people per year 
        • Death rate
          • Number of people that die per 1000 people per year
        • Undeveloped Countries
          • High birth rate 
            • Lack of sex education and contraception
          • Death because of no medicine and doctors
          • Low life expectancy 
      • Health
        • Developing countries have a lot less money to spend on healthcare 
        • Poor nutrition and bad housing affects health levels 
        • Healthier societies have higher development levels 
      • Political Stability 
        • Countries that are politically stable are able to use their natural and human resources for development.
          • The government can run a country without conflict 
        • These countries are democracies that hold regular elections and have social policies that do not change much 
        • Political stability is usually linked to poor economic growth and lack of delivery from the government 
        • Somalia is an example of a country with conflict 
          • This has almost destroyed the country
          • Has prevented farming (famine of 2011)
          • Thousands of productive people have left (brain drain) 
      • Human Development Index
        • HDI Includes 3 Indicators
          • GDP per Capita
          • Education
          • Life expectancy 
        • Includes both social and economic factors
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        • It indicates the level of human development. 
        • An HDI close to 1 indicates a highly developed country 
        • A lower HDI close to zero indicates a less developed country 
        • SA is ranked 123-187
        • Gini Co Efficient 
          • In SA there is a huge gap between the incomes of the rich and the poor. 
            • A Gini score of 0 indicates a complete equality of income 
            • A score of 1 indicates a scale of complete inequality 
      • Social Indicators
        • In poorer countries health problems lead to shorter life expectancy
          • If the government intervene 
        • Health Problems
          • AIDS in South Africa
          • TB
          • Diseases
      • Health and Welfare 
        • Food and Nutrition 
          • Societies that can support a healthy lifestyle for their people have higher development levels 
          • Improvement lead to better development 
          • Improvements during the Green revolution
            • Improvements in agricultural techniques 
        • Access to Welfare 
          • Impact (impact of vaccinations, etc.) is that it has improved the health and welfare of communities 
          • Healthier people can work for longer and earn more to create better living conditions
    • Economic
      • This is mainly related to GDP per Capita
        • It relates to the growth of the individual that relates upon the growth of the country
        • You figure this out by GDP over Population
      • Some countries can have a bad GDP but appear in the North
        • These countries are exceptions
      • Terminology 
        • Primary activities
          • Extraction of raw materials from nature
            • Developing country's most people involved in this sector
        • Secondary
          • The making of the product 
        • Tertiary 
          • These are service industries 
            • Power supply 
            • Water
            • Roads
            • Transport
            • Retail
        • Rural
          • A place far away from a city 
        • Urban 
          • A built up settlement like a town or city 
        • Quaternary Industries 
          • These are knowledge industries
            • They give help to others
            • Bank and insurance companies
            • Doctors 
            • Teachers
            • Many government activities fall under this heading
        • Infrastructure 
          • Installations such as roads
          • Bridges 
          • Sewers
      • Economic Indicators
        • Most Common Indicator- GDP 
          • The total value in money of the values of all the goods and services produced by a country 
          • It Indicates how much money each person in the country would have if all the money earned during the year was divided equally. 
          • GDP per Capita
            • GDP
            • _______
            • Total Population
      • How trade holds development back
        • Rich countries pay low prices for raw materials
        • Workers and producers get low wages
        • Poor people do not have enough money 
        • Sometimes people are poorly lead and unhealthy
        • Government do not collect enough taxes to provide social services
        • People do not become more skilled 
        • The country experiences a "brain drain" where all of the skilled people leave 
      • Trade Reasons for Differences in Development 
        • Globalization
          • Treatment continued from Colonization regarding trade
          • Multinational companies produce goods in LEDC's and sell at high prices to MEDCs
          • Has increased rapidly since 1970s
          • The destruction of space and time between international boarders with technology 
        • International Trade
          • Helps circulate resources and manufactured goods
          • Trade is normally driven by big companies 
          • Rich companies setup businesses in the poor countries 
    • Political Stability 
      • Countries that are politically stable are able to use their natural and human resources for development
    • Definitions 
      • M.E.D.C
        • More economically developed country
      • First World
        • The Norh
      • Developing 
        • Poorer Country
      • NIC
        • Newly Industrialized Country
      • Non-Industrialized
        • Have not's, poor world
      • Developed
        • Rich Country
      • Industrialized 
        • Have's, rich world
      • L.E.D.C
        • Less Economically Developed Country
      • Third World
        • Poor South
    • Ways of Measuring Development 
      • Development Indicators provide information about...
        • Wealth
        • Health
        • Education
    • Development
      • The use of resources and technology to bring about an improvement in the quality of life and standard of living in a country
      • Quality of Life
        • How good or bad a person's life is: the level of comfort that they have. 
      • Standard of living 
        • The amount of wealth and access to resources that people have 
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